Xanax is a brand name of Alprazolam, which is a potent anxiolytic that belongs to benzodiazepines. For the first time, Alprazolam was released in 1981. It is the most popular medication of benzodiazepines in the USA available only with a prescription.
Xanax can be prescribed for treatment of different health conditions related to unbalanced chemicals in the brain such as panic and anxiety disorders. This medication helps to decrease abnormal activity of the brain by affecting those chemicals, which result in a calming effect. Sometimes the use of Xanax may cause the feelings of euphoria.
This drug can also be prescribed to prevent vomiting and nausea in people undergoing chemotherapy.
Warnings and Precautions
Xanax should not be used by women during pregnancy, because it is able to cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms or birth defects in a newborn. It may also cause addiction, and that is why it should be used only according to recommendations of a healthcare provider. No alcoholic drink should be combined with the drug, because this may increase its effects.
Xanax reaches the highest level in the blood within 2 hours. It is dangerous to take another dosage of this medication to speed up its effects. Since grapefruit may change the effects of Xanax, it is not recommended to use it along with this medication.
You should tell your doctor if you have any diseases, such as the following:
Problems with kidney or liver;
History of suicidal thoughts;
History of alcohol or drug abuse.
If you take Xanax, you may experience a range of side effects. The most common ones are the following:
Problems with concentration;
Diarrhea and others.
If severe such side effects as thoughts of suicide, confusion, hallucinations, chest pain and some others occur, you should contact your doctor immediately.
There are 910 drugs known to interact with Xanax, including 138 that are able to cause major interactions such as:
Chlorcyclizine and others.
In order to avoid negative consequences, you should consult your doctor before taking a prescription or non-prescription medication along with Xanax.
The exact Xanax doses should be determined by your healthcare provider, depending on many factors such as your overall health condition, age, history of illnesses, etc. You may need to take it 2-4 times a day. Your healthcare provider may recommend you to start with an initial dosage to see how your body response to this medication, which may be increased or decreased later.
You should take this medication with a glass of liquid. Overdosing Xanax may be life-threatening, so contact your healthcare provider if you suspect that you have taken too much of the drug.