Synthroid is a popular thyroid medication that works by replacing an important hormone naturally produced by the thyroid gland to regulate the metabolism and energy of the human body. This drug is prescribed by doctors when this gland doesn’t produce enough of this hormone naturally, so it’s taken by patients to treat hypothyroidism. Sometimes, Synthroid is taken to prevent and treat goiter, a condition caused by radiation treatment, hormonal imbalances, cancer or surgeries.
Before Starting This Treatment
This medicine may not be suitable for you if you have specific health conditions, such as thyrotoxicosis, uncontrolled or untreated adrenal gland disorder, etc. Don’t take Synthroid to treat any weight issues, like obesity, because of dangerous side effects, especially when combining it with appetite suppressants or weight-loss pills. To take this drug safely, inform doctors about any other medical conditions that you have, including:
Diabetes and blood clots;
Drug or food allergic reactions;
Anemia and pituitary gland issues;
Osteoporosis and low bone mineral density.
Pregnant and nursing women are allowed to start this treatment only when it’s clearly needed. Don’t give Synthroid to children without medical recommendations.
How to Use It
Take this medication based on the directions given by doctors who may change regular doses occasionally. This drug works best when it’s taken on an empty stomach or at least 1 hour before your breakfast. When children undergo this treatment, their weight changes should be monitored regularly. It usually takes a few weeks to experience the full benefit of Synthroid. Avoid overdosing it, because you risk ending up with such severe symptoms as pounding and fast heartbeats, shortness of breath and chest pain, tremors and leg cramps, headaches and irritability.
Some medications may potentially interact with Synthroid and lead to unwanted health complications. Don’t take it along with calcium carbonate, ferrous sulfate iron supplements, cholestyramine, sucralfate, sodium polystyrene sulfonate, and antacids that contain magnesium and aluminum. Such products as high-fiber foods, cotton seed meals, infant soy formula and walnuts should be avoided too.
Synthroid Side Effects
If you experience any allergic symptoms, such as swelling, difficulty breathing and hives, get emergency medical help. Contact your physician once you develop such serious side effects as:
Irregular and fast heart rates;
Hot flashes and increased sweating;
Shortness of breath and chest pain;
Fever and feeling cold;
Insomnia and unusual weakness;
Memory issues and muscle pain;
Tiredness and irritability;
Dry skin and depression;
Hair loss and severe vomiting;
Changes in menstrual periods;
Weight and appetite changes.
Synthroid may also cause mild side effects, including:
Headaches and muscle weakness;
Skin rash and leg cramps;
Diarrhea and nervousness.