Levothroid is a synthetically produced medication that can be bought in the form of tablets to treat any thyroid diseases. It consists of thyroid hormone and vitamins to reduce the influence of the hormones on the organism. Levothroid treats thyroid cancer, hypothyroidism, the condition when thyroid glands don’t produce enough thyroid hormone, and goiter, the condition when thyroid is enlarged, which causes headache and fever. As it usually is, you need a doctor’s prescription to start the intake of Levothroid.
Mechanism of Action
After the intake the tablet is soaked by the digestive system and begins showing its effects in approximately 30 minutes. Levothroid pills help thyroid produce hormones to normalize the digestive processes, so you don’t gain weight too fast. Moreover, they also stimulate the growth of thyroid cells which is a certain cure for thyroid cancer. Levothroid is also able to replace thyroid function, should the need arise.
How to Use It
Levothroid should be taken with a small amount of water in the morning. The food prevents normal absorption of the medicine, so you shouldn’t eat for at least 30 minutes after taking the medicine. Moreover, the drug isn’t allowed to be taken along with alcohol.
Important Information and Doses
An average dose for children is 15-100 mcg a day, while adults are usually prescribed with the dose of 25-250 mcg a day. Usually the dose is determined by your doctor. In any other cases you should take about 2 mcg per kg of body weight for an adult and from 3 mcg up to 15 mcg for children. You should take this medication for the rest of your life, and you shouldn’t change your dose until your healthcare provider tells you to. The tablet dissolves fast, but it may possibly cause choking or gagging. It can take approximately from 4 up to 6 weeks for your symptoms to improve.
What to Tell the Doctor before Therapy and Possible Contraindications
Before you begin taking Levothroid, you should consult your doctor whether it is safe for you to take it. To make sure the medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
Thyroid disorder called thyrotoxicosis;
Heart disease, coronary artery disease or history of blood clots;
Diabetes (insulin or oral diabetes medication doses may need to be changed when you start taking levothyroxine);
Anemia (lack of red blood cells);
Osteoporosis, or low bone mineral density;
Problems with your pituitary gland;
Any food or drug allergies;
Untreated or uncontrolled adrenal gland disorder; or
Recent history of heart attack, or any symptoms of heart attack (chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the jaw or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling).
Moreover, you shouldn’t take any other drugs that may influence the digestive system, because they can prevent the normal absorption of Levothroid. If you do, you’d better administer them at least 4 hours before or after taking thyroid hormone.