Keftab is an antibacterial medication for systematic use. It belongs to the group of cephalosporins of first generation and is used to cure many different conditions like:
Infections of the respiratory tract;
Reproductive organs and urinary system infections (endometritis, gonorrhea, vulvovaginitis);
Infections of skin and tissues;
How to Use It
Keftab pills are used orally. Do not chew or crash the pills before the intake. The medication should be taken with a glass of water. A usual daily dose for children should be discussed with your doctor, because it depends on various factors. The dose can be doubled for treatment of severe diseases. A recommended dose in the treatment of acute otitis is 75-100 mg/kg of patient’s weight. This amount of the drug should be taken during the day, divided between two or four intakes.
In most cases, the treatment lasts 7-10 days. To prevent complications of streptococcal infections you should take the drug for at least 10 days.
Blood and lymphatic system: leukopenia, eosinophilia, neutropenia and other related conditions.
Immune system: allergy to cephalosporins and penicillin, anaphylactic reactions, swelling of the face and/or neck, hands and/or feet. Usually allergic reactions disappear when the treatment is finished.
Nervous system: headache, weakness, dizziness, agitation, hallucinations, confusion.
Digestive tract: anorexia (generally it spontaneously disappears even with continued use of the drug), diarrhea, stomatitis, gastritis, colitis; pseudomembranous colitis.
Hepatobiliary system: hepatitis, transient increase in the concentration of liver enzymes.
Skin and soft tissues: skin rash, erythema, pruritus, angioedema, polymorphic erythema.
Kidneys and urinary tract: reversible renal dysfunction, isolated cases of interstitial nephritis and other adverse symptoms.
Musculoskeletal system: arthralgia, arthritis, joint damage.
Reproductive system: vaginal candidiasis, itching in the area of the anus and genitals, vaginitis.
Other: fever, obtaining false-positive results on the urine for sugar, increased creatinine and other changes in analyses results.
If you notice any of the above-mentioned side effects, you should immediately contact your doctor.
Symptoms of overdose include adverse reactions of the digestive tract, epigastric pain, diarrhea, hematuria, electrolyte imbalance, hyperreflexia, convulsions. Treatment includes the intake of activated carbon, hemodialysis, symptomatic treatment.
Pregnancy and Lactation
Evidence of teratogenic effects of the drug is available. That’s why pregnant women should get a prescription only after thorough evaluation of benefit-risk ratio. Keftab penetrates into the breast milk, so it is advisable to stop the treatment during lactation.